Journal of Environmental Health 2014 Abstracts - page 20

March 2014
Abstracts (76.7)
Copyright 2014, National Environmental Health Association
Health and Housing Outcomes From Green Renovation of Low-Income Housing in
Washington, DC
David E. Jacobs, PhD, CIH,
National Center for Healthy Housing
Jill Breysse, MHS, CIH,
National Center for Healthy Housing
Sherry L. Dixon, PhD,
National Center for Healthy Housing
Susan Aceti, MSW,
National Center for Healthy Housing
Carol Kawecki, MA, RN,
Healthy Housing Solutions
Mark James,
Urban Green Partners
Jay Wilson,
Assoc. AIA, LEED AP BD+C,
Wiencek + Associates Architects + Planners
DC, LLC
Abstract
Green building systems have proliferated recently, but studies are limited of
associated health and housing outcomes. The authors measured self-reported resident
physical and mental health, allergens, and building conditions at baseline and one-year
follow-up in a low-income housing development being renovated in accordance with
green healthy housing improvements (Enterprise Green Communities standards and
Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design [LEED] gold certification). Self-reported
general health in adults significantly improved from 59% to 67% (
p
= .026), with large
statistically significant improvements in water/dampness problems, cockroaches and
rodents, and reduced pesticide use. Median cockroach (Bla g1) and mouse (Mus m1)
allergen dust loadings showed large and statistically significant reductions from baseline
to three months postintervention and were sustained at one year (both
p
< .05). Energy
and water cost savings were 16% and 54%, respectively. Incorporating Enterprise Green
Communities and LEED standards in low-income housing renovation improves health
and housing conditions and can help to reduce disparities. All green housing standards
should include health-related requirements.
Preventing Diseases and Outbreaks at Child Care Centers Using an Education,
Evaluation, and Inspection Method
Jordan Wagner, RN,
Altru Health System
Sharon Clodfelter
,
Renown Health
Abstract
From 2005 to 2008, Washoe County, Nevada, child care centers experienced an
increase in illnesses from communicable disease outbreaks. The number of ill children
and caregivers from these outbreaks went from 26 in 2005 to 266 in 2008, an increase of
923%. A clear need to reverse this trend existed. Therefore, in 2009 Washoe County
strengthened its regulations for child care facilities by adding numerous communicable
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