Journal of Environmental Health 2014 Abstracts - page 5

January/February 2014
Abstracts (76.6)
Copyright 2014, National Environmental Health Association
Asthma Prevalence and Risk Factor Assessment of an Underserved and Primarily
Latino Child Population in Colorado
Maggie L. Clark, PhD,
Environmental and Radiological Health Sciences Department,
Colorado State University
Stephen J. Reynolds, PhD, CIH,
Environmental and Radiological Health Sciences
Department, Colorado State University
Edward Hendrikson, PhD, PA-C,
Salud Family Health Centers
Jennifer L. Peel, MPH, PhD,
Environmental and Radiological Health Sciences
Department, Colorado State University
Abstract
Asthma is a substantial public health burden among children. Disease and risk-
factor discrepancies have been identified between racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic
groups. At a rural health clinic (Salud) with primarily underserved and Latino patients in
Colorado, the authors evaluated 250 medical records and administered 57 parental
surveys to describe this population with respect to asthma diagnosis, asthma-like
symptoms, and environmental/occupational risk factors among children. Wheeze and
asthma were indicated in 9.7% and 8.9% of medical records, respectively. Twenty
parents (35.7%) reported in a questionnaire that their child had experienced wheezing or
whistling in the chest. Parents reported that children play in farming fields (21.8%) and
feed livestock/animals (10.9%). Additionally, 13.2% and 9.4% of children have a
household member who works around livestock or around grain, feed, or dust,
respectively. Information from the Salud population can be used to develop larger-scale
research and public health initiatives to eliminate health and risk factor disparities among
underserved children.
Effects of Centralized and Onsite Wastewater Treatment on the Occurrence of
Traditional and Emerging Contaminants in Streams
G.M. Ferrell,
U.S. Geological Survey, North Carolina Water Science Center
B.H. Grimes,
U.S. Geological Survey, North Carolina Water Science Center
Abstract
The authors conducted a survey of small streams to evaluate the effects of
centralized and onsite wastewater treatment on the occurrence of selected traditional and
emerging contaminants in small streams in the upper Neuse River basin, North Carolina.
An undeveloped site was included to assess effects of residential land use activities on
stream quality. Concentrations of nutrients and ions were higher in samples from streams
in residential sites than from the stream in an undeveloped area. Overall, streams draining
residential areas showed relatively small differences with respect to type of wastewater
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