Journal of Environmental Health 2014 Abstracts - page 7

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, with an aging U.S.
population an estimated 30 million people will be diagnosed with cataract by 2020.
Several modifiable risk factors have been identified for nuclear, cortical, and posterior
subcapsular (PSC) cataracts, including smoking, diabetes, and steroid medications. In the
study described here, the authors evaluated residential location as a potential proxy of
risk factors for cataracts in the Beaver Dam Eye Study cohort established in 1987.
Cataract risk was calculated using general estimating equation modeling to account for
correlation between eyes. Fifteen-year cumulative incidence rates were calculated for
each type of cataract by eye. Of the 4,926 study participants, 3,253 seen at the baseline
examination were included in the analyses. Compared to urban residents, the odds ratio
(95% confidence interval) for rural participants’ risk of cortical, nuclear, and PSC was
0.92 (0.73, 1.16), 0.85 (0.69, 1.06), and 0.71 (0.48, 1.05), respectively, adjusting for age,
sex, educational status, and smoking status. The lowest cumulative incidences were for
those living in rural areas, compared to edge or urban areas for all three types of
Residential Radon Testing, Intentions, Perceived Radon Severity, and Tobacco Use
Gwendolyn H. Rinker, APRN, MPH, PhD,
Lansing School of Nursing and Health
Bellarmine University
Ellen J. Hahn, RN, PhD, FAAN,
Clean Indoor Air Partnership, University of Kentucky
College of Nursing
Mary Kay Rayens, PhD,
Clean Indoor Air Partnership
University of Kentucky College
of Nursing
Kentucky homeowners requesting radon test kits through the Kentucky Radon
Program and randomly selected homeowners
(N = 129) completed a survey assessing
factors related to their radon testing intentions and perceived severity of radon exposure,
including social influence, perceived susceptibility, synergistic risk perception, and
tobacco use. Perceived severity, social influence, and current smoking were the strongest
predictors of radon testing intentions. Those with higher perceived severity were nearly
eight times more likely to plan to test. Perceived severity was highest among females and
those rating combined radon and tobacco smoke exposure as much riskier than tobacco
smoke alone. Knowing someone who had tested for radon was associated with seven
times greater likelihood of planning to test for radon. Current smokers were over six
times more likely to plan to test than nonsmokers. The findings have implications for
targeting interventions to improve residential radon testing and decrease lung cancer risk.
Correlation of Arsenic Exposure Through Drinking Groundwater and Urinary
Arsenic Excretion Among Adults in Pakistan
Mubashir Ahmed, MBBS, MSc,
Department of Community Health Sciences
Aga Khan
Zafar Fatmi, MBBS, FCPS,
Department of Community Health Sciences
Aga Khan
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