Topics A to Z

As part of NEHA's continuos effort to provide convenient access to information and resources, we have gathered together for you the links in this section. Our mission is "to advance the environmental health and protection professional for the purpose of providing a healthful environment for all,” as well as to educate and inform those outside the profession.

Health literacy has been identified as an overlooked factor explaining racial and ethnic disparities in asthma. With more than 40% of U.S. adults lacking basic literacy skills, reaching and engaging adults with low literacy skills presents an important opportunity to promote environmental health education among high risk populations. Participants will learn to form successful collaborations with adult education programs that offer a powerful and untapped resource to deliver environmental health information and support learner actions to reduce exposures.

Presented at NEHA 2015 AEC

July 2015
Additional Topics A to Z: Environmental Justice

The Florida Onsite Sewage Nitrogen Reduction Strategies Study evaluation of nitrogen reduction options for OWS was followed by the development and testing of pilot-scale passive nitrogen reduction systems (PNRS). Initial encouraging results led to the design, construction, operation and monitoring of several full-scale PNRS at homes in Florida. This presentation focuses on the results from the monitoring of the in-ground systems. The design, construction, performance, operation, and maintenance of these systems will be discussed.

Presented at NEHA 2015 AEC

July 2015
Additional Topics A to Z: Wastewater

The Florida Onsite Sewage Nitrogen Reduction Strategies Study evaluation of nitrogen reduction options for OWS was followed by the development and testing of pilot-scale passive nitrogen reduction systems (PNRS). Initial encouraging results led to the design, construction, operation and monitoring of several full-scale PNRS at homes in Florida. This presentation focuses on the results from the monitoring of the tank-based systems. The design, construction, performance, operation, and maintenance of these systems will be discussed.

Presented at NEHA 2015 AEC

July 2015
Additional Topics A to Z: Wastewater

Abstract

Repeated warnings by the scientific community on the dire consequences of climate change through global warming to the ecology and sustenance of our planet have not been give appropriate attention by the U.S. public. Research has shown that climate change is responsible for catastrophic weather occurrences--such as floods, tornadoes, hurricanes, and heat waves--resulting in environmental and public health issues. The purpose of this report is to examine factors influencing public views on climate change. Theoretical and political perspectives are examined to unpack opinions held by the public in the U.S. on climate change. The Health Belief Model is used as an example to showcase the efficacy of an individual behavior change program in providing the synergy to understand climate change at the microlevel. The concept of reframing is discussed as a strategy to alter how the public views climate change.

April 2017
April 2017
79.8 | 24-27
Caitlin Weems, MS, Department of Health Promotion and Physical Education, Ithaca College, Prithwi Raj Subramaniam, PhD, Department of Health Promotion and Physical Education, Ithaca College

A re-emergence of bedbugs and resultant impacts on community resources led to the convening of a “Bedbug Summit." Attendees represented professionals from a broad spectrum of affected sectors including housing providers, homeless-shelters, education, pest control services, public health, waste stream management, and social services. During the summit, this group worked together and identified collaborative approaches to address bedbugs in the region. The resulting Bed Bug Workgroup has made significant achievements including successful advocacy for additional funding, launching an information telephone hotline, developing a multi-lingual educational clearinghouse website, and identification of a collaborative surveillance system that protects pest control operators and the communities they serve. Attend this session to learn about how engaging nontraditional partners results in more robust environmental health outcomes and apply a community organizing model to emergent public health issues.

July 2015
Matt Davis, MPH, Christie  Sweitz, REHS
Potential CE Credits: 1.00

Article Abstract

Infants and young children under five years of age are uniquely vulnerable to certain environmental contaminants. Some of these contaminants have been found in early learning environments (ELEs), or child care and family child care settings where children spend an average of 40 hours a week. These contaminants as well as infants’ and children’s unique physiology, exposures, and behaviors in child care settings are the focus of this article. Current child care and family child care licensing requirements specific to environmental health–related issues are also reviewed. Data were reviewed and analyzed from the following surveys: the 2008 Child Care Licensing Survey, the First National Environmental Health Survey of Child Care Centers, and the Children’s Total Exposure to Persistent Pesticides and Other Persistent Organic Pollutants. The authors’ analysis suggests that current state licensing programs impose only the most basic environmental health protection requirements. No mandatory federal regulations standardize child care and family child care regulatory efforts nationally. Resources are available, however, from federal agencies and other children’s environmental health organizations that may provide guidance for how to establish better environmental health protection measures in ELEs.

 

 

March 2014
76.7 | 24-34
Gwendolyn Hudson, MPH, PhD, CPH, Gregory G. Miller, MS, Kathy Seikel, MBA
Additional Topics A to Z: Children's Environmental Health

Abstract

Biological hazards such as exposure to ticks and mosquitoes can affect health. Permethrin-treated clothing is available to the public. We don’t currently understand, however, the effects of environmental factors such as fabric type, washing, sunlight, and temperature on permethrin content in treated clothing with respect to mosquito knockdown and mortality. We evaluated the extent to which fabric type (100% cotton denim jeans, 100% polyester work shirt, 35% cotton/65% polyester work shirt), light exposure (0 or 100%), temperature (18 °C, 32 °C), and number of washes (0, 3, 12, 36) affected mosquito knockdown 2 hours post-exposure, mosquito mortality 24 hours post-exposure, and permethrin content. All fabrics used in this study were treated with permethrin at a concentration of 125 µg/cm2. Denim fabric having no washes and no light exposure showed the highest amount of permethrin. Washing and light exposure significantly reduced the ability of permethrin-treated fabrics to induce mosquito knockdown and/or mortality under the simulated conditions used for this test. Temperatures tested did not affect permethrin content or mosquito knockdown and mortality. Long-lasting impregnation of uniforms protects against mosquito bites under simulated laboratory conditions. Employers and employees should consider the use of permethrin-impregnated clothing and uniforms in addition to daily repellent sprays.

April 2017
April 2017
79.8 | 8-15
Stephanie L. Richards, MSEH, PhD, East Carolina University, Jo Anne G. Balanay, PhD, CIH, East Carolina University, Jonathan W. Harris, MSEH, East Carolina University, Victoria M. Banks, East Carolina University

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