journal

Lung Cancer Worry and Home Screening for Radon and Secondhand Smoke in Renters

Abstract

Lung cancer is largely preventable by eliminating tobacco smoke and radon exposure. This exploratory study assessed the relationships of demographic factors, including having one or more smokers living in the household, and a) lung cancer worry and b) completion of home screening for radon and secondhand smoke (SHS) among renters. A convenience sample of renters (N = 47) received free test kits for radon and SHS as part of a larger study. Demographic factors, lung cancer worry, and completion of home testing were assessed at baseline. The sample was mostly Caucasian (68%), female (62%), and educated beyond high school (70%). The average age was 43 years (SD = 15), and roughly half lived with at least one smoker (49%). Gender, race/ethnicity, education, and whether they had smokers in the home accounted for 35% of the variability in lung cancer worry, F(4, 42) = 5.6, p = .001. Lung cancer worry was associated with lower level of education, b = 0.77; SE(b) = 0.32, and having at least one smoker living in the home, b = 0.71; SE(b) = 0.31. Renters tested their homes for radon and SHS whether they had smokers in the home or not. Constructing and delivering educational messages that target low-educated populations may promote radon testing and smoke-free homes.

Speaker / Author: 
Ellen J. Hahn, PhD, RN, FAAN
Marissa Hooper, RN
Carol Riker, MSN, RN
Karen M. Butler, DNP, RN
Kathy Rademacher
Amanda Wiggins, PhD
Mary Kay Rayens, PhD
Month Year: 
January 2017
Volume#: 
79.6
Page #: 
8-13
Publication Month: 
January/February 2017
EH Topics: