journal

Cryptosporidiosis Outbreak Associated With a Single Hotel

Abstract

We investigated a gastrointestinal illness cluster among persons who attended a baseball tournament (>200 teams) during July 2015. We interviewed representatives of 19 teams; illness was reported among only the 9 (47%) teams that stayed at Hotel A (p < .01). We identified 55 primary cases. A case-control study demonstrated that pool exposure at Hotel A was significantly associated with illness (odds ratio: 7.3; 95% confidence interval: 3.6, 15.2). Eight out of nine (89%) stool specimens tested were positive for Cryptosporidium, with C. hominis IfA12G1 subtype identified in two specimens. The environmental health assessment detected a low free available chlorine level, and pool water tested positive for E. coli and total coliforms. A possible diarrheal contamination event, substantial hotel pool use, and use of cyanuric acid might have contributed to this outbreak and magnitude. Aquatic facilities practicing proper operation and maintenance (e.g., following the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Model Aquatic Health Code) can protect the public’s health.

Speaker / Author: 
Mary-Margaret A. Fill, MD, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Tennessee Department of Health
Jennifer Lloyd, MSPH, Shelby County Health Department
Tamal Chakraverty, MPH, MD, CPH, Shelby County Health Department
David Sweat, MPH, Shelby County Health Department
Judy Manners, MSc, Tennessee Department of Health
Katie Garman, MPH, Tennessee Department of Health
Michele C. Hlavsa, RN, MPH and Dawn M. Roellig, MS, PhD, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
John R. Dunn, DVM, PhD, Tennessee Department of Health
William Schaffner, MD, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine
Timothy F. Jones, MD, Tennessee Department of Health
Month Year: 
May 2017
Volume#: 
79.9
Page #: 
16-22
Publication Month: 
May 2017