Prevalence of Lead Hazards and Soil Arsenic in U.S. Housing
The American Healthy Homes Survey, June 2005—March 2006, measured levels of lead and arsenic in homes nationwide. Based on a three-stage cluster sample of 1,131 housing units, key statistically weighted estimates of the prevalence of lead-based paint (LBP) and LBP hazards associated with paint, dust, and soil, and arsenic in dust and soil, were as follows: 37.1 million homes (35%) had some LBP; 23.2 million (22%) had one or more LBP hazards; 93% of the homes with LBP were built before 1978. The highest prevalence of LBP and LBP hazards was in the Northeast and Midwest. Over three million homes with children under six years of age had LBP hazards, including 1.1 million low-income households (<$30,000/yr.). Less than 5% of homes had detectable levels of arsenic in dust (≥5 μg/ft2). Arsenic in soil (for homes with yard soil) averaged 6.6 parts per million (ppm). Many homes had soil arsenic levels of 20 ppm or greater, including 16% of homes with wooden structures in the yard and 8% of homes without such structures.
Speaker / Author:
F. Gary Dewalt, MBA, PhD; David C. Cox, MS, MSc, PhD; Robert O’Haver; Brendon Salatino; and Duncan Holmes
Peter J. Ashley, DrPH; Eugene A. Pinzer, MS, CIH; and Warren Friedman, PhD, CIH
David Marker, PhD; Susan M. Viet, PhD, CIH; and Alexa Fraser, PhD