Health in All Policies (HiAP)

Health in All Policies (HiAP) is a data driven approach to solving health related issues through partnership and collaboration across sectors.

Health in All Policies or HiAP is a collaborative approach to public policies across sectors that systematically takes into account the health implications of decisions, seeks synergies, and avoids harmful health impacts, in order to improve population health and health equity. The HiAP framework employs tools such as Health Impact Assessments (HIA) and Health Lens Analysis to identify the ways that policy decisions in sectors such as transportation, education, housing, and regional planning may affect population health outcomes.

The goal of the HiAP approach is to provide decision makers, such as state and local legislators and school board members, with data on the potential positive and negative impacts of their decisions on health outcomes, health equity, and healthcare costs so they can make better policies and decisions to minimize risks and maximize health benefits.

Implementation Strategies

  1. Developing and structuring cross-sector relationships
  2. Incorporating health into decision-making processes
  3. Enhancing workforce capacity
  4. Coordinating funding and investments
  5. Integrating research, evaluation, and data systems
  6. Synchronizing communications and messaging and
  7. Implementing accountability structures


Health in All Policies (HiAP) workgroup

We are seeking environmental health professionals with a background or experience in Health in All Policies (HiAP) to serve on the newly established NEHA HiAP workgroup. The workgroup:

  • Will be comprised of local and state health department officials with experience in HiAP.
  • Will advise NEHA on the development and usability of tools that support the implementation of HiAP.
  • Must be able to commit to approximately one conference call per month.

Sign Up for HiAP Workgroup

Technical Assistance

The health of communities is affected by policies and practices not only in the public health and health care arenas, but across diverse sectors such as housing, land-use and planning, transportation, public safety, education, economic and community development, and environmental protection.  These policies and practices shape our environment and the conditions in which we live, work, learn and play, impacting our health and well-being directly as well as indirectly by influencing our health-related behaviors.

Examples from States

Three states have enacted legislation that requires an assessment of potential health impacts for certain decisions or projects. Massachusetts, for example, has established a process for assessing the impact of transportation projects on “public health and vulnerable populations.” In Washington, a 2006 law authorized state legislators and the governor to request that the state board of health review legislative or budgetary proposals to consider how they would affect social determinants of health and health disparities.

Taking a different approach, California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger issued an executive order in 2010 establishing a Health in All Policies Task Force made up of representatives from 19 state agencies. The California Department of Public Health facilitates this task force which issued cross-sector recommendations for improving health through active transportation, healthy housing, green space, violence prevention and healthy food access.

Michigan has incorporated a Health in All Policies approach in its Health and Wellness 4X4 Plan, which brings together the departments of Health, Agriculture and Rural Development, Transportation, Human Services, Natural Resources, and Economic Development to promote healthy behaviors, and through the Community Health Innovation Regions that are being implemented as part of Michigan’s State Innovation Model (SIM) plan.



Health in All Policies Tools, Resources, and Manuals

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Health in All Policies Community Integrators and Backbone Organizations

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Health in All Policies at State and Local Level

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Health in All Policies Health Equity

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