Environmental Health Programs and Zika
Zika is in Your Area: What to Do: General Zika information and prevention resources for communities
With 15 confirmed cases of local mosquito transmission of the Zika virus, CDC has issued this travel advisory.
- At the same time local mosquito infections are being reported in a neighborhood of Miami, FL (see CDC travel advisory) the CDC will be releasing the Zika Topic of the Week, "a coordinated communication approach to highlight a simple prevention message each week. The prevention message will be featured on the CDC.gov homepage, throughout the Zika website, and through social media." This week's topic is Mosquito Control: You Have Options - learn what steps your family needs to take to prevent Zika at home. The CDC has also developed a series of Zika-related communications toolkits in multiple languages.
CDC Confirms Local, Non-Sexual Transmission of Zika Virus
New Zika case in Utah associated with individual who died earlier this month
- The infected individual:
- had not travelled to an area where Zika is prevalent
- had not had sexual contact with infected person
- was a relative of and caregiver to decedent
- CDC is currently conducting interviews, lab testing, trapping mosquitos and assessing spread
- Reminder that there is still no local spread by mosquitos
- All US Cases have been sexual except for 1 – which was from a laboratory exposure
- Zika virus can be found in saliva, blood, tears, sexual fluids, among other locations (e.g. fluid inside eyeball)
- Many avenues are under investigation for how disease spread but very unlikely that it was aerosolized transmission.
- Unique event as it is one in 1600+ case of Zika in the US.
State, Local, Tribal, and Territorial Health Department Resources
NEW: The CDC has made funds available to jurisdictions that have exhausted their available resources: CDC Emergency Vector Control Request Form
Past Zika Webinars:
EEK! Vectors and PH Pests Zika Presentations
Making it Stick: Risk Communication in times of Zika
Featured presenter: John Godec, Godec, Randall & Associates, Inc.
The recorded webinar will be available for viewing shortly.
Click here to watch a recording of the webinar.
Local Health Departments: Preparing for and Preventing Zika
Jennifer T. Jackson, M.P.H., Epidemiologist, Florida Department of Health in Orange County, Florida
David Overfield, Environmental Administrator, Florida Department of Health in Orange County, Florida
Shaun C. May, M.P.H., R.E.H.S. Environmental Health Director, City of Amarillo, Texas
Questions for Presenters from this webinar.
Preventing Zika in the U.S.: What Environmental Health and Pest Management Professionals Need to Know
Featured presenter: Sarah R. Michaels, MSPH, Supervisor of Mosquito Control, City of New Orleans Mosquito Control Board, New Orleans, LA
- CDC: Zika Action Plan (ZAP) Summit Presentations and Resources
- CDC: Fact Sheet for Occupational Exposure to Zika
- CDC: CDC Confirms Zika Causes Birth Defects
- CDC: Zika Key Messages
- CDC: Build Your own Zika Prevention Kit
- CDC: Range of Aedes Mosquitos (map)
- CDC: Posters and Fact Sheets
- CDC: Zika Video Resources (B-rolls, Medscape, and Zika 101)
- CDC: Zika Virus-Based Preparedness and Response Guidance for States
- The White House Factsheet: Preparing for and Responding to the Zika Virus at Home and Abroad
- NEHA's Dr. Dyjack Interviewed by Denver Channel 7 on Zika Virus
TheDenverChannel.com: World Health Organization declares Zika virus a 'public health emergency'
Environmental Health Programs and Zika
Environmental health (EH) professionals play a significant role in the reduction of mosquito-borne disease. Even jurisdictions with specialized mosquito control boards play a significant role in the elimination of mosquito breeding grounds. EH professionals are regularly in public and private spaces for inspections and complaint investigations. These visits provide an opportunity to intervene if they see issues like standing water, or containers or debris that could house standing water and create a habitat for mosquito larvae. EH professionals can create awareness around how we play a part in mosquito control which will decrease the chances of mosquito-borne diseases like Zika.
What you need to know about Zika:
The Zika virus is an illness whose main route of transmission is mosquito bites. Unlike other mosquito-borne diseases such as dengue and chikungunya, zika does not pose a significant threat to the person who is infected. Symptoms are generally mild and may include a slight fever, rash, joint pain and red eyes. Persons at most risks are women who are pregnant or may become pregnant. The virus has been linked to the development of microcephaly in the child. Precautions and travel restrictions are being instituted by global health organizations to help minimize the number of microcephaly cases that result from this virus. At this point, there are no domestically acquired cases of the Zika virus.
The Aedes mosquito spreads the Zika virus. This is the same mosquito that transmits Dengue Fever and Chikungunya, with which many health departments in infected areas are familiar. These mosquitos tend to like containers with standing water and don't travel great distances from their base. Aedes mosquitos are also fairly aggressive daytime biters, so citizens should wear long sleeves and pants; use repellant containing DEET and stay inside as much as possible during the day. The current range for the Aedes in the US is primarily in southern states, but has recently been identified in California.
What NEHA is Doing:
NEHA is participating in weekly discussion with CDC around identifying what environmental health professionals need to prepare for and prevent the spread of the Zika virus. If you would like more information on these meetings, please email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
NEHA is committed to providing timely and useful information to environmental health professionals. Please check the announcements above or follow us on Facebook and Twitter for updates on this and other initiatives.
In order to support EH programmatic efforts, NEHA will be supplying up-to-date information from CDC, PAHO, WHO, and other legitimate sources on this rapidly changing situation. CDC has made Zika a nationally notifiable disease and has also supported the travel restrictions for pregnant or possibly pregnant women.