Water Quality

Water is essential for life to exist. Making sure that water is safe to drink, use for cooking, and swim in requires attention and resources. In the United States, the Safe Drinking Water Act helps ensure that when citizens turn on a public tap, out comes clean and safe water. This access is supported by a complex infrastructure that needs constant monitoring and upkeep. In addition, there are more than 40 million Americans reliant on private water sources that are not supported by this complex infrastructure or held to federal standards. These systems have unique concerns that must be addressed to ensure they too provide safe drinking water to those dependent on them.

Private Drinking Water - Glass of Water with ice

Wastewater and  sanitation can also have significant impacts on public health. According to the US Environmental Protection Agency, more than 20% of households in the US rely on septic systems to process their wastewater. The responsibility for  the oversight of these systems regularly falls on local health departments, leaving a patchwork of regulations and policies, and homeowners are often unaware of operation and maintenance for their systems.

Environmental health professionals are trained to identify issues that impact water systems.  As local experts, environmental health professionals can ensure that each community’s local situation is resilient to natural hazards and climate change and that water sources are continually evaluated and maintained to meet all federal, state and local standards.

New Resources

Preparedness & Response for Septic Systems

After a disaster, such as a hurricane, wildfire, or earthquake, septic systems may be damaged and fail to operate correctly. Ensuring that these systems function properly is essential to providing safe waste disposal for millions of Americans, yet there may be no standard safety protocol in place for using septic systems after a disaster occurs.

NEHA worked with subject matter experts and national partners to develop an easily accessible toolkit with guidance documents for different types of disasters.


Septic Systems (Onsite/Decentralized Systems)

Do Your Part, Be Septic Smart!

In partnership with US Environmental Protection Agency, NEHA is raising awareness for septic system resources and events for Environmental Health Professionals and homeowners. 

  • SepticSmart Week September 16 - 20, 2019 was focused on getting homeowners and communities to care for and maintain their septic systems. Find out more about the tools and resources that have been created - many allow for jurisdictions to add their own information to the resources.

Private Water Safety Virtual Conference logoPrivate Water Safety Virtual Conference

NEHA hosted its very first private water virtual conference, Private Water Safety - Enhancing Safety in Private Drinking Water Systems, on October 16 and 17, 2018. The Private Water Safety Virtual Conference was designed to enhance the knowledge of environmental public health professionals and water safety specialists to help close the water quality gap in unregulated private drinking water. Professionals that engage with private drinking water systems were welcomed to present existing and new resources, innovative solutions, and successful programs in unregulated water quality. It was an opportunity to bring professionals together in a unique virtual environment to exchange information and discover new solutions.

 Click here to learn more about the conference. 


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Environmental Health Saves Lives, Saves Money, and Protects Our Future

Environmental Health professionals ensure our water is safe by testing and treating drinking water and inspecting septic systems.

NEHA: The Water You Drink Infographic

NEHA Water Quality Resources

CMAHC Voting Guide -  NEHA has created a voting guide for the upcoming Council for the Model Aquatic Health Code revision process.

E-learning Opportunities – NEHA has select water quality educational opportunities available online. These sessions also provide continuing education credit for NEHA members.

Journal of Environmental Health - The Journal of Environmental Health is published 10 times per year by the National Environmental Health Association and keeps readers up-to-date on current issues, new research, useful products and services, and employment opportunities. We frequently cover issues of importance to water quality professionals, and reprints are available through Content Editor.

NEHA's Bookstore - Provides environmental health professionals with the latest in relevant educational material. In our Water Quality section, we feature a number of resources for those in the healthy swimming and recreational waters field.

Community Calendar - Many NEHA affiliate conferences and other conferences have sessions related to water quality. Check our calendar periodically to find events of interest. 

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